Crash Course in Preparedness

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Welcome new preppers!

Crash course in preparedness.
Civil unrest. Pandemics. Stock market crash. Socialism. Nuclear
incident. Hurricanes. Prepping is about mitigating risks. In short,
it's about planning ahead to help you weather the storm whether
its a man-made disaster or if nature unleashes her fury. Preppers
have many contingency plans, but it's overwhelming as you begin
your preparedness journey.

Take heart. Start where you are with what you have. For example,
while the icon of preparedness is the gas mask, you really don't
need that until you have an adequate supply of food and water.
Below is a preparedness overview...

Preparedness Crash Course
The most important lesson in this crash course in disaster
preparedness is the "Rule of Three." It's a trio of survival rules
that has many variations, but in this prepping crash course you'll
learn the basics of preparedness, starting with the most common
"rule of three." Let's get started...

The rule of three says that you can live only:
  • Three minutes without air
  • Three days without water; and
  • Three weeks without food

With these three things in mind, we've started the crash course in
preparedness with the first three topics being your air, your water
and your food preparations. A variation in the rule of three is that
you can survive only three days in a harsh environment without
protection from the elements, so we made that lesson #4.

Crash course in preparedness lessons:

Lesson #1: Air (Gas masks, respirators HEPA filters).
Humans can live only three minutes without air, which is probably
why the gas mask is an icon of the doomsday prepper — or
maybe it's just because a gas mask looks cool. Whatever the
case, it's not the first thing you should buy as a prepper.

Nothing is more important than the air you breathe. A respirator
protects you from inhaling gases, airborne contagions and
particulate. A CBRN gas mask is the ultimate respirator to protect
you from four kinds of contagion: Chemical, Biological, Radiation
and Nuclear, but it's only good for a length of time. Other kinds of
respirators can protect you from tear gas, smoke, pollen, dust and
even viruses. Below are some of the ways to breathe easier as a
prepper.

Protect the air you breathe with these things in mind:

  • CRBN gas mask. A CRBN mask is one that protects against
    four threats: Chemical, Radiological, Biological and Nuclear.
    To clarify, nuclear contaminants come from incidents involve
    detonation of a nuclear device, whereas radiological
    contaminants come from incidents that produce radiation
    without detonation of a nuclear device. It's one step above
    the NBC gas mask.  Full Facepiece Respirator Mask provides
    protection of respiratory organs, eyes and face from vaporous
    and gaseous harmful substances and aerosols contained in
    the air of working zone

  • N95, N99 and N100 Respirators. The ultimate in pandemic
    protection is an N95 respirator, which was in short supply
    during the Coronavirus pandemic. An N95 is a NIOSH-
    approved respirator that is 95% effective against
    contaminants. N95 Respirators are also helpful after wildfires
    when the air quality is dangerous. For more protection you
    may find an N99 or N100 with 99% protection against
    contaminants or 100% respectively. During the Coronavirus
    pandemic, only essential workers are giving access to the
    NIOSH-approved masks as they are in short supply.

  • NOTE: Don't confuse it with a KN95, which is a fake
    respirator of Chinese origin.

  • Fire mask. Lesser known in the prepper circles in terms of
    respirators is a fire mask, pictured right, which protects
    against toxic gases such as carbon monoxide, smoke,
    hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide,
    sulfur dioxide, tear gas and more. It's what members of
    congress wore at to the "insurrection" on January 6, 2021.
    Smoke hood and fire mask protects against radiant heat, but
    does not offer the same level of protection as a CBRN gas
    mask, so it' not designed to protect you against a
    radiological catastrophe, a nuclear incident or biological
    contaminates. Think of it as a respiratory escape in the
    event of fire or in a riot situation where tear gas is used.

  • HEPA air filters. The air you breathe in good times includes
    dust, pollen, pet dander, and mold spores. A HEPA filter can
    clear the air in your home or apartment during a pandemic or
    wildfire. In really bad times, the air may have nuclear fallout
    particles, anthrax or other toxins from a biological attack. A
    HEPA filter can help you deal with it all.

Lesson #2: Water and water filtration.
Water is life. Humans can live only three days without water and
unfortunately most preppers fail to stock enough water. It's
necessary to have a supply of water not only for drinking, but for
cooking and cleaning.

A family of four needs 270 gallons of water for a three month
supply, according to Utah State University. That's entirely too
many bottles of water to have in storage, which is why you need
to look at all your options for emergency water storage.
How to
buy large water tanks.

Protect your personal water supply with these things in mind:

  • Bottled water. One of the most primary ways you can
    prepare is stock up on bottled water. Bottled water is
    essential to have on hand, but it expires, so you must have
    a rotation system set up. Never store bottled water in a
    garage or it may leach the cement flooring. Also, heed our
    bottle water warning. You'll be surprised to know that most
    of the bottled water out there is really just tap water that
    they "flavor" with chemicals!

  • Water pouches. There may come a time when rationing is
    necessary and that's where water pouches come to play.
    Emergency drinking water pouches are not meant for cooking,
    but for rationing. Water pouches are worth the expense!

  • Water purification tablets. AquaTabs are fast activating
    tablets that killmicro-organisms in water to prevent Cholera,
    Typhoid and Dysentery. AquaTabs can disinfect raw or pre-
    treated water. They are used by NATO and many other
    military organizations.

  • Home water filter. Of the most important survival gear is a
    quality water filtration system for your everyday use. The  
    Big Berkey Water filter pictured at the top of the page is how
    you will:

  • Portable water filter. Katadyn water filter is trusted by the U.
    S. Military. Another of the best water filters you can have,
    you also will need a water purifier in your bugout bag. We
    recommend the Katadyn! Another good option is from
    Lifewater.

  • Water storage tanks. Storing water in large quantities is
    important. Here's what to know about large water tanks. A
    family of four needs 270 gallons of water for a three month
    supply according to Utah State University. There are a
    variety of ways to make your water safe to drink:



  • WaterBob. Another layer of protection in prepping your
    water supply for an emergency is to get a water reservoir for
    your bathtub. WaterBob, pictured right, allows you to store
    100 gallons of water in anticipation of drinking water
    shortages, such as with a hurricane or immediately after an
    ElectroMagnetic Pulse event or radioactive emergency.

Lesson #3: Food Storage.
Humans can survive up to three weeks without food. If you're a
prepper, you'll have food on hand to get you through much more
than a weekend. The
prepper's pantry, is filled with much more
than rice and beans. You'll find pasta and sauces, canned meat,
canned fruits and veggies, and many grains and legumes.
Developing a deep larder of freeze dried and dehydrated foods
emergency food is even more satisfying because you know you
can feed your family through job loss.

When an emergency strikes, don't worry what your family will eat!
The mainstay of emergency preparedness supplies is what you
stock in the
prepper's pantry

Protect your food supply with these things in mind:

Lesson #4: Educate yourself on shelter and defense.
Humans can survive three hours exposed to extreme heat or cold,
along with the weather concerns are predators. A shelter protects
you from sun, wind, rain and snow, as well from insects, wildlife
and even human predators. It can be a simple lean-to, a
transformed home, or an underground bunker. Shelter can take
many forms depending on your situation, and each has different
applications depending on the disaster. Preppers are ready to
protect their home or temporary shelter by any means necessary.

  • Keeping warm: Regarding the rule of three, there's no set
    time for when hypothermia will set in. Is it three minutes,
    three hours or three days? It depends. Frostbite can happen
    in around ten minutes. Generally  hypothermia happens
    faster in cold water. It likely took under an hour for the
    people of the Titanic. One of the most important survival
    tools to keep you warm at home is a generator, and one of
    the most important tools to keep you warm in your car is a
    wool blanket. Read about alternative heat sources.

  • Staying Cool. Seniors especially need to stay cool in a
    heatwave, and diabetics need refrigeration for their
    medicines. A prepper plans for these contingencies.

  • Defending your home. Prepper's Home Defense is one of
    the best books you'll read to keep your home and contents
    safe.  When civilization fails and the desperate masses
    begin looting, they will come for your food, water and life-
    sustaining supplies and this book will give you realistic plans
    for security and physical defense, including information on
    perimeter security systems and traps, safe rooms, secured
    and hidden storage, firearms and defensive combat
    techniques and much more.

Protect your home and person with these ideas:

Lesson #5: Get your financial house in order.
This is the year to get a hold of your finances because the stock
market keeps going up and it's bound to come down. Financial
planning for preppers is different than for others because instead
of putting away only money, we put away food, and survival gear
and supplies, plus gold and silver. If there's one book to read, it
is not a prepping book but a book that will help you understand
money. Read, the
Richest Man in Babylon, by George S. Clason,
pictured right. Easy to read, this book imparts secrets of the ages
with regards to controling your personal finances. In just 145
pages, you will learn how to "fatten thy purse, control thy
expenditures and make thy gold multiply."

The
Prepper's Financial Guide, by Jim Cobb can help safeguard
your financial resources before, during and after cataclysmic
events. Become self-sufficient; purchase precious metals;
safeguard your valuable possessions; barter and trade for needed
supplies; build an off-grid marketplace; reduce debt so you can
save for the future and much more.

  • Articles on finances, precious metals and cryptocurrencies:

Protect your finances with these ideas for preppers:

Lesson #6: Stock up on medic supplies.
Prepper's go beyond a sample first aid kit and typically upgrade to
a
medics trauma bag. The prepper's medicine cabinet is filled with
natural antibiotics, fish antibiotics and supplies that won't be
available from the pharmacy when the world goes dark such as
compression bandages, tourniquets, EMT scissors, a stethescope
and more.

  • Remember, knowledge weighs nothing so study up:


  • Barf happens. An emesis bag will help you effectively trap
    the contagion to help minimize the risk to others. It's an
    item you'll find only at the hospital or online here. Get them
    before you need them.

  • Got electrolytes? Be well hydrated during an illness by
    ensuring you're stocked on electrolyte drinks.



  • Stock up on antiviral tissues. Stop germs where they start
    with tissues that kill 99.9% of cold and flu viruses. They are
    in short supply. If you have anti-viral facial tissues, use
    them for when you sneeze or to relieve nasal congestion,
    then use ordinary tissues for itches on your face so that you
    don't touch your face. Assign everyone in your family a
    ziplock plastic bag with their name on it to dispose of
    tissues and the contagion properly.

  • Pandemic Preparedness: 2020 brought Coronavirus, but
    before that was Ebola in 2014 and H1N1 in 2009.

Lesson #7: Learn to live without electricity.
Every prepper must learn to live without electricity. Go off grid
tongiht! Your long-term survival depends on your skills and
survival gear. Learn to live off grid or go without electricity in the
city. Prepare for a black or live like the Amish without electricity
in the country. Ensure you have heat, light and can cook.

Prepare to live without electricity with these ideas:

  • Power outages happen. Stay warm without electricity, even
    if you don't have a wood stove or a fireplace with these
    emergency heat sources. When electricity goes out, these
    alternative heat sources will give you the heat you need.

  • Cook indoors in an emergency! When it's wet and rainy, or
    cold and snowy, how will you cook when the grid goes down?
    Can you take your off-grid cooking inside? Yes. Here are
    eleven ways to cook indoors in an emergency.

  • Power up with a portable power station. Hurricanes, flood,
    mountain fire, Tornadoes may result in power outage.
    Jackery Explorer 240 Portable Power Station, pictured
    immediate right, can be your reliable emergency power
    supply for lighting, phones, laptop, radio, reuters etc. to
    keep daily goingTake the lightweight generator Explorer 240
    with you on camping, travel, cottage trips, off-road,
    excursions, or anywhere you might need power. A generator
    is a lifesaving piece of equipment! Here are Ten reasons to
    own a generator.


  • How to prepare for a total blackout:


  • Prepper Toilets. If your #1 place to go #2 isn't available
    because the toilets won't flush, you must have an alternative
    sanitation plan. Read about your Prepper Toilet Options.

  • Keep your kitchen well sanitized! Steramine, pictured right,
    is an economical sanitizer that you can use to clean your
    home. One tablet makes a gallon of sanitizer that effectively
    kills microorganisms and infectious bacteria found on non-
    porous surfaces to help keep you and your family from falling
    ill in your kitchen.

  • Preppers are going wild over wild lettuce. This natural
    pain reliever that's used in teas and tinctures is easy to grow
    and harvest. How to use wild lettuce prepping.



  • How to turn loose coins into survival gear:

Lesson #8: Have a communications plan.
You rely on your phone for navigation, weather information,
survival apps, news, and communications with family and friends.
What will you do if cell phones are useless? When transmission
towers are destroyed and networks become overloaded, you'll
have a means to communicate if you're an advanced prepper.

  • Survival radio. Get cranking on getting a reliable emergency
    radio for survival! The American Red Cross recommends you
    have an emergency weather radio in preparation for a
    disaster. They say, "no emergency kit is complete without
    one," yet many preppers overlook this basic survival item.

  • Crash Course in Morse Code! Preppers love Morse code
    because you can express communication on paper, through
    sound, visual clues, body language, flashlights and much
    more. Get started in Morse code now.

  • Ten Free Survival Apps! The best survival apps are free!
    The survival apps in your cellphone are waiting to be
    unleashed! One of many ways your cellphone can help you
    survive is a survival app. The downside of any survival app is
    that they're electronic. They'll help you get through a crisis
    as long as the battery life of your Kindle Fire.

  • Build a Faraday cage to protect your equipment. Shield
    your electronics with a Faraday cage and the electronic
    components of your car with Faraday protection. You can
    build a small Faraday cage in five minutes using three items

  • Communications. Plan to have an NOAA weather radio,
    which will provide important details of the weather
    conditions and your evacuation prospects.

Lesson #10: Start thinking about long-term prepping.
An important consideration in your crash course preparedness
plan is to start thinking about long term prepping.

The
Prepper's Long Term Survival Guide.can help you get started.
This step-by-step survivalist guide filled with techniques,
strategies, and DIY projects from a lifelong prepping expertThe
preparation you make for a hurricane, earthquake or other short-
term disaster will not keep you alive in the event of widespread
social collapse caused by pandemic, failure of the grid or other
long-term crises. Government pamphlets and other prepping
books tell you how to hold out through an emergency until
services are restored. This book teaches you how to survive when
nothing returns to normal for weeks, months or even years,
including: Practical water collection for drinking and
hygieneStoring, growing, hunting and foraging for foodFirst aid
and medical treatments when there’s no doctorTechniques and
tactics for fortifying and defending your homeCommunity-building
strategies for creating a new society.

Learn to live without electricity:

Stockpile a deep larder of food:
You can live only three weeks without food so plan for your
family's survival. Go for a deeper larder of food than what's in
your everyday pantry to withstand a crisis. Food shortages, job
loss, or an economic crisis can happen without warning. It's a
comfort knowing you can feed your family in an emergency.


  • Learn the art of dry pack canning. Stock up on buckets of
    grains and dry goods such as rice, beans, peas, pasta, oats,
    and wheat.Dry-pack canning is selecting dried foods to store
    for the long term in mason jars too. You can put together
    delicious meals in a jar and dry can, pasta, beans and more
    to make easy, just-add-water meals.


  • Here are more ways to get a deep larder of food:
99 ways to spend a buck prepping the dollar stores
Water pouches
Best water purifiers for preppers
How to survive Radiation fallout
Prepper's guide to life after the crash
Prepper's Home Defense
Preparedness: A crash course
What to do when the power fails
Everyday carry discusses the pillars of preparedness, above.

Preparedness is a three part journey
In addition to the "rule of three" preppers have three basic goals
because preparedness is a three-part journey!

  • Stockpiling. Setting aside tangible goods of food, water,
    ammunition and other survival gear will give you an edge over
    the masses of unprepared. Start by stockpiling one item of
    food per shopping trip. If you can afford ten spaghetti
    packages because they go on sale, do it. If you can afford ten
    gallons of water at the dollar store do it. Start small, but get
    to the idea of stockpiling. Make room in your closets.

  • Gaining knowledge. "Knowledge weighs nothing" as they say.
    It's an expression in the prepping community emphasizing that
    knowing what to do is important. Reading about prepping,
    connecting with preppers in online forums, and watching
    movies and television show all help you gain knowledge.
    Prepping is about gaining knowledge everyday and we're here
    to help with this crash course in prepping.

  • Adding skills. It's not enough to stockpile. A prepper must
    continually add new skills and practice them. There are many
    ways to light a fire and ideally you need to know them all.
    Skills are not the same as knowledge. Resi

So there you have a crash course on prepping. Want more? It just
so happens that
Crash course on prepping is the title of a popular
book written in 2013. Filled with practical ideas to be better
prepared for any type of disaster — man-made or natural — this
book is a good start for beginners.

Happy endings...
"Good luck and Godspeed." It's an expression of good wishes to a
person starting a journey, and a journey indeed it is!

You can find comfort in knowing that anything you to today can
help ensure your survival tomorrow ~ whether it's stashing more
water, adding more food to your stockpile, learning a new skill,
reading a
prepping article on happypreppers.com.

Preppers latch on to a particular phrase from Benjamin Franklin.
Namely, "When you fail to prepare, you're preparing to fail!"

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