gas masks and filters

how to survive a Sarin Gas attack

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How to prepare for a Sarin Gas Attack
Above, Hank Green of the SciShow explores the unexpected chemistry of
sarin, the nerve agent that killed more than 1400 people in a chemical
weapons attack in Syria.

Happy endings...
Remember that anything is possible! Having hope is perhaps the
most valuable tool in your arsenal for survival. Like they say,
knowledge weighs nothing. In the absence of a gas mask at the
time of exposure know this: you can put a distance between you
and the Sarin gas by using a sleeve, coat jacket or any piece of
cloth.

Even the State Department says that you can improvise a mask
"
by soaking a clean cloth in a solution of 1 tablespoon of baking
soda in a cup of water."

Prepping articles...

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How to prepare for a Sarin Gas Attack
What a prepper needs to know about Sarin gas

Sarin gas works like an insecticide on humans!
Colorless and odorless, you won't know you've been exposed to
Sarin gas until it's almost too late. It works like an insecticide.
Once you’re exposed to Sarin nerve gas, you've got a mere 10-15
minutes to deal with it or you’re toast.

What makes Sarin gas very appealing to terrorist groups is that
it can vaporize and spread quickly into the environment. Other
nerve agents aren't so quick to infiltrate.

How to Survive a Sarin Gas Attack
Chemical weapons have expanded beyond the battlefield and
have been used against civilian populations. Terrorist groups
have the knowledge and the financial support to disperse these
chemical weapons and they aren't backing down.

The risk of chemical warfare is real, but thankfully there are
things you can do to survive a sarin gas attack...

#1: Consider the objective of attackers.
The goal of weaponizing chemicals against civilians is simply to
create chaos and horror. Such attacks not only are intended to
cause panic and fear, but also they may overwhelm the medical
response system and preoccupy resources. Since the scope of
attacks is rather small in comparison to other kinds of attacks,
you can deduce that the aim is to decrease morale.

When you realize the motives of sarin gas attacks, you can begin
to anticipate and respond.

#2: Maintain situational awareness.
Detect danger before it happens! This is essentially what
situational awareness is about. Hone your observation skills and
always maintain an awareness of your environment.

This means scanning your surroundings if a threat is imminent,
and knowing what could happen in a chemical attack.

  • How might a chemical attack happen? It could happen in
    any number of ways. Exposure to lethal chemicals may
    happen by accident during transportation from the
    manufacturing plants or intentional release by terrorists. It's
    happened in a subway in Tokyo, its happened in war-torn
    Syria, and it can happen again anywhere in the world.

  • How would the Sarin nerve gas kill or injure you? Just a
    pea size amount of Sarin gas could be dispersed by a shell
    that can explode into a building or vehicle near you.  

  • How might chlorine gas kill or wound you? A suicide
    bomber could detonate a truck loaded with chlorine gas, and
    kill or wound civilians in the street.

#3: Understand that most gases are heavier than air.
One interesting fact is that chemical gas is usually heavier than
air, which means the gas is most concentrated close to the
ground. This is often why it affect young children the most.

With this knowledge, you can...

  • Go upstairs. Go upstairs during an attack to allow the gases
    to settle. If you don't have an upstairs, you can stand on a
    chair, table or other piece of furniture and hold  hildren so
    they are above the heaviest of concentrated areas. Do
    anything you can to keep your head up above the vapors.

  • Prevent gas from getting into the house.
  • Close windows and doors. Use duct tape plastic sheets to
    close off windows if they've been blown out by explosions.
  • Turn off the air conditioning.
  • Close the fireplace dampers

#4: Know some chemical weapons are odorless.
The military uses a special replaceable paper to detect liquid
nerve and blister chemical agents (usually as an arm band of
sorts). You see, Sarin nerve gas is not only odorless, but it’s
tasteless. You may be surprised to learn that it’s an insecticide
and pesticide. It works on humans the way it works on bugs. It
blocks the brain’s ability to control muscles. In other words it
affects the nerves.

The thing is that this special paper, which is double-sided sticky
tape, doesn't identify which of the agents encountered. It leaves
you a bit vulnerable as to how to handle the toxins.

  • M9 Chemical agent paper. It may be impractical to get M9
    Chemical agent paper. If your pocket book can afford it and
    you're concerned enough about the threat then know that
    this paper is expensive (it costs around $40) and you do not
    open the bag until you're ready to head on out into a
    potentially exposed area. It has a relatively short shelf life
    and the manufacturer will post a discard date on the
    package. If you buy online, be sure to know the discard date.

#5: Recognize the symptoms of Sarin gas.
Recognizing the symptoms early is important as you have very
little time to respond to the threat.

One survivor of a sarin gas attack on Aug. 21, 2013, who was
suffocating said he felt burning eyes, throbbing head, blockage of
the throat and searing stomach pain. He pounded his chest and
suddenly his windpipe opened enough to shout to others nearby.

A Sarin gas victim may experience:
  • blurred vision ~ needles in the eyes
  • breathing problems ~ the deadliest of symptoms and main
    cause of death
  • chest tightening
  • dizziness
  • excessive runny nose
  • release of tears
  • foaming at the mouth
  • uncontrollable muscle twitch or spasms
  • tear ducts will release uncontrollable tears
  • sweating
  • sudden nausea, diarrhea, vomiting

High exposure of Sarin gas can mean death if not:
  • severe convulsions
  • loss of consciousness
  • paralysis

#6: Respond swiftly.
Every second counts during a chemical gas attack and time is
your ally. Below are some things you can do to swiftly respond to
a Sarin gas attack...

During a gas attack falling from the air:
  • Don't look up as the gas may fall into your eyes.
  • Seek shelter somewhere inside and head upstairs, not to
    the basement.

After a chemical attack:
  • Take off your clothing and shoes to avoid chemicals from
    seeping into your skin (and leave them outside).
  • Blot skin with cotton or tissues to absorb the liquid gas
    without spreading, then throw away the contaminated
    materials into a plastic zip lock bag.
  • Use bleach to neutralize any liquid gas remaining on the
    skin.
  • Neutralize gas that gets in your eyes by making an eye
    wash of one tablespoon of baking soda in quart of water.
    See the video below for details.
  • Take a shower as soon as feasible.

  • Stay off the grass after a gas attack as it could linger there
    for days or weeks after it has been dropped there.

#7: Know the antidote.
There are antidotes (drugs to break the chemical bond of the
nerve agent), but unless you work for the government, a
pharmeceutical company or you are a doctor, you may not be
able to get the treatment. Okay, this is perhaps a bit of false
hope of surviving a Sarin gas attack because while antidotes are
possible, it's extremely hard to get them and you have only
minutes to use them.

Once you start seeing symptoms you have around fifteen
minutes to dispense a drug:

  • 2-PAM (Pralidoxime) ~ This drug breaks the chemical bond
    of the acting nerve agent. Unfortunately it’s not something
    you can buy.

  • Atropine ~ A drug called Atropine can reverse the
    immediate effects of the nerve agent. TOXIBAN Suspension
    is intended for use as an adsorbent of orally ingested
    toxicants. Dosage and administration: ToxiBan Suspension
    should be used with atropine sulfate for organophosphates
    and carbamates or with 2-PAM for organophosphates.
    ToxiBan Suspension effectively adsorbs alkaloids
    (strychnine), organochlorine, organophosphate and
    carbamate insecticides, herbicides, rodenticides,
    parasiticides, depressants and analgesics. ToxiBan
    Suspension may be useful in treating ethylene glycol
    (antifreeze) poisoning. Tests for ethylene glycol must be
    conducted before ToxiBan is administered to prevent false
    positive reactions.

#8: Get an NBC gas mask.
Get an NBC gas mask even though the Centers for Disease
Control (CDC) doesn't recommend getting them.

Say what!?
The CDC does not recommend gas masks during a
chemical threat (because of a false sense of security). The
Centers for Disease Control says that gas masks don't fit
everyone. This is true! Children and people with beards will have
a problem with gas masks because they will not be snug enough
to allow the proper barrier.

NBC gas masks cover Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
exposures. These are the top three threats that a soldier would
face, which is why military personnel has access to them in
targeted zones. For the same reasons, preppers should get an
NBC gas mask.

Reasons to own a gas mask, include:
  1. Nuclear: protection from particles of radioactive fallout from
    accident or attack.
  2. Biological: Anthrax (bacterial agent); Ebola, Avian flu and
    other pandemics; also volcanic ash.
  3. Chemical: mustard gas, sarin gas, tear gas, blister gas,
    blood gas, choking gas (nerve agent), etc.

Other gear for your gas mask
Consider the following additions:
  • Chemical suit (with booties and gloves);
  • canteen and hydration straw;
  • Kevlar tactical helmet
  • gas mask pouch
  • spare filters!

#9: Watch an old Civil defense film.
Below is a news reel from 1942 on "What to do in a gas attack"
prepared by Clorox, then the Clorox Chemical Company. While it's
antiquated in quality, you will learn some simple ways to handle
a gas attack.
2017 NBC NATO gas mask
Above, the video from Clorox from 1942 is an antiquated response to a
chemical attack, but still has many relevant ideas in survival.


#10 Get a Decontamination kit.
RSDL is the only decontaminant cleared by the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) that removes or neutralizes chemical
warfare agents, including tabun, sarin, soman, cyclohexyl sarin,
VR, VX, musEach active RSDL Kit (green packet) ordered comes
with one Demonstration Kit (blue packet). The Demonstration kit
contains no active ingredient and will not remove or neutralize
chemical warfare agents. It is intended to simulate the look,
feel, and application of the active RSDL Kit, allowing for realistic
practice of device product use. Please note that the
Demonstration Kit is not required to understand how to properly
use the RSDL Kit. tard gas and T-2 toxin, from the skin in a
single step.

Sarin gas used as a weapon by dictators to propagate fear and
panic, but if you know a little bit more about sarin gas then you
won't have as much fear and you'll be better able to respond with
life-saving knowledge.
Situational Survival Guide
How to prepare for a cyber attack
Pack of three IOSAT Nukepills
Decontamination kit