Hepatitis A

------------------------------------------------- Revised 04/07/18
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Hepatitis
#7: Use bleach or other sanitizing solution.
Bleach is a common item in prepper households for so many
reasons and it's especially important for use in combatting
Hepatitis A. Because it spreads so rapidly in the homeless
population, officials may spray bleach on sidewalks and streets
and install portable toilets and hand-washing stations to help
curb the outbreak.

Microbial cross-contamination of surfaces soiled with infectious
micro-organisms is a huge concern of restaurants. Any surface
that comes in contact with uncooked meat, poultry, or fish could
bring E. coli food poisoning, but the transmission of other disease
is possibly from saliva or blood and associated diseases such as
HIV-1 through cross-contamination. Steramine sanitizing tablets
ensure that food surfaces, such glasses, dishes, and utensils are
free from infectious microorganisms. It's safe and effective and
approved by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Infectious diseases and Unlawful Immigrants
While the U.S. requires legal immigrants and refugees to have a
medical examination, as many as 700,000 unlawful immigrants
come from Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, bring
with them infectious diseases, such as Hepatitis A.

People who fail the medical exam because of health-related
conditions are not admitted. They unlawful immigrants bring with
them polio,
cholera, diphtheria, smallpox, or severe acute
respiratory syndromes.

Happy endings...
The good and happy news is that Hepatitis A fortunately does not
cause chronic liver disease and it's also rarely fatal. You can
prepare for Hepatitis A.

Related articles...

Prepare to live happily ever after with us at happypreppers.com - the emergency
preparedness Web site of prepping, survival,
homesteading, and self-reliance.
Hepatitis A
What you need to know about Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is spreading fast: Are you ready?
Hepatitis A, a highly infectious liver infection, is caused by a virus
that creates inflammation. One of the biggest problems with the
disease is it's long incubation period. Unfortunately, symptoms
don't show up until after you've had the virus for a few weeks and
also there's no specific treatment!

California declares state of emergency to fight hepatitis A
outbreak. Outbreaks have been spread by homeless or active
users of illegal drugs, and healthcare workers helping the infected.

How to deal with a Hepatitis A Outbreak
Hepatitis A is spreading fast ~ are you ready? Learn how to deal
with the outbreak...

#1 Know how Hepatitis A spreads.
The average incubation period of the disease is 28 days, but the
range where you could have it is much longer. The real problem
with the disease is that because the incubation period is so long
(15-50 days is the incubation range), people won't know they are
spreading the disease.

The key then to preventing Hepatitis A is to wash your hands and
to avoid people who are potentially infected. The Hepatitis A
found in San Diego community is a focused subgroup of people ~
namely homeless; IV and illicit drug users; men who have sex
with men; and those who have sex with someone who has
Hepatitis A infections. Other groups of people who are at high
risk include people who have liver disease and clotting factor
disorders.

Here's how Hepatitis A spreads:
Most of the 576 cases reported in California were patients who
are homeless or drug users, which is why officials in San Diego
urged health care providers, food-service workers and shelter
employees to get vaccinated.

Here's how Heptatis A spreads:

  • Person to person. Heptatis A spreads from hand to mouth
    or hand to eye contact with contaminated fecal matter. The
    largest hepatitis A outbreak in the United States transmitted
    from person to person is in California (October 2017). The
    homeless population is at risk because of sanitation problem.


  • Drinking contaminated water. Unfortunately, Heptatis A
    gets into drinking water and can be found everywhere in the
    United States ~ from any water source! It comes when feces
    from infected humans enters the water source. This water
    potentially spreads the Heptatis A virus. It sometimes
    happens through overflows of sewage or polluted water
    runoff. Another concern preppers should have is that well
    water may be more vulnerable to this kind of contamination,
    especially after flooding. To kill or inactivate Hepatitis A
    from your drinking water, you'll need to bring your water to a
    rolling boil for a full minute or at elevations above 6,500 feet
    you'll need to boil for a full three minutes. LifeStraw Mission
    purifies water to 0.02 microns, removing 99.999% of
    waterborne viruses, including Rotovirus and Hepatitis A.
    99.999% of bacteria and 99.99% of protozoa are also
    removed You should first filter then boil your water.

  • Eating raw shellfish from contaminated water.

  • Having sex with someone who has the virus.

Hepatitis spreads quickly! People can be spreading the virus for
up two weeks prior to them having any symptoms. More than 568
people have been infected with Hepatis A and more than 17 have
died of the virus November through October 2017 in Santa Cruz,
San Diego,  and Los Angeles counties.

#2: Be aware of Hepatitis A symptoms.
It's important to realize that some people with Hepatitis A will
show absolutely no symptoms!

Those that do show symptoms of Heptatis A will experience:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bowel movements that are clay-colored
  • Dark colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice (yellowing of skin and the white of the eyes)
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever (Low-grade fever)
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

#3: Get wise on how to cope with Hepatitis A.
In case you're not able to get medical help, it's good to now how
to deal with Hepatits A.

It's really very simple:
  1. Get lots of rest. If you have Hepatitis A you'll likely have a
    low energy and generally feel sick and tired.
  2. Give your liver a break. Be kind to your liver by refraining
    from alcohol and limiting or avoiding over the counter drugs.
  3. Manage the nausea. There are many ways to cope with
    nausea. The main principle is to eat small portions of food at
    more regular intervals. To avoid nausea enjoy snacks!

#4: Consider vaccination for prevention.
Pregnant women should avoid a hepatitis vaccine as the safety
has not bee determined. Also anyone who is severely ill should
avoid a vaccine.

Vaccinations aren't for everyone, but for those who choose to
vaccinate for Hepatitis A, current wisdom is that it's the best way
to prevent Hepatitis A. Ordinarily, vaccinations for Hepatitis A are
given to travellers of certain countries or at the discretion of a
pediatrician to children 12 months or older.

There are a few ways to get the Hepatitis vaccine:

  • Hepatitis A vaccine (two shots): For children, the first dose
    of the Heptatits A vaccine is given at 12-23 months, and
    then a booster in six months. This is the vaccine
    recommended for travellers. For those who have liver
    problems an addition to the Hepatitis A vaccine includes
    immune globulin (IG). Anticipate taht there will be a lack of
    vaccines in a deadly hepatitis A outbreak

  • Hepatitis A and B vaccine (three shots): Available to
    people 18 years and older, the Hepatitis A and B vaccine is
    given in three doses in one month with a booster shot
    following in six months.

#5: Know who's most vulnerable to Hepatitis A.
People who have had liver problems are extremely vulnerable to
Hepatitis A.

#6: Understand the different kinds of Hepatitis.
Hepatitis A is one of five kinds of Hepatitis. Each has some form
of liver problem. The Hepatitis virus invades liver cells and causes
inflammation in the liver tissue. There are five different kinds of
Hepatitis:

  • Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease that
    can last a few weeks or months. The virus comes from
    contact with objects, food, or drinks that are contaminated
    by feces or stool from an infected person. The key to
    preventing Hepatitis A is to wash hands frequently and to
    avoid people who are potentially infected, such as the
    homeless.

  • Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B can be transmitted when a bodily
    fluid, such as blood or semen, from an infected person enters
    the body of someone who is not infected. A vaccination of
    Hepatitis B is often required for college students aged 18 or
    younger. Students must present proof of immunity against
    Hepatitis B during the first semester of college. A Hepatitis
    B vaccination is a series of three injections given over a
    period of at least four months. Students may also present
    laboratory evidence of immunity; or medical documentation
    showing that you've previously had the disease, which is
    evidence that you've built an immunity.

  • Hepatitis C. Heptatitis C is a blood-borne virus with no
    vaccine. It can spread through blood from a razor blade. The
    people most at risk are drug users who share needles, and
    about 70%–85% of people who become infected with
    Hepatitis C have the virus for a long-term. Someone who has
    this chronic infection may not even be aware that they have
    it. Here's more about the infectious nature of Hepatitis C.

  • Hepatitis D. Thankfully very uncommon, Hepatitis D is
    another kind of liver infection caused by the Hepatitis D virus
    (HDV) with no vaccine. It's spread by percutaneous or
    mucosal contact with infectious blood.

  • Hepatitis E. The fifth kind of Hepatitis is a liver infection
    caused by the Hepatitis E virus (HEV). There's thankfully no
    chronic infection. Iepatitis E happens through ingestion of
    fecal matter and is usually associated with poor sanitation
    as it's often found in the water supply of developing
    countries where sanitation is a problem.
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