anthrax preparedness

How to prevent salmonella

Salmonella: the sneaky germ
How to prevent salmonella from sneaking up on you

You can get Salmonella food poisoning from a chocolate bar!
When most people think of salmonella food poisoning,
undercooked chicken comes to mind, but salmonella can come
from
undercooked eggs, water, raw sprouts and even chocolate.
Yes, you can get salmonella from chocolate!

Mars recalled it's mars, Snickers and Milkway bars for fear of
salmonella food poisoning. And you can get it from your backyard
chickens or reptiles and many other ways. The CDC says that
"
Salmonella is a sneaky germ!"

Salmonella causes diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps, but
requires a clinical diagnosis to distinguish it from other illnesses.
While there isn't a vaccine to prevent salmonella, the good and
happy news is that it can resolve on its own with proper
hydration. Some people may require antibiotics, but it's usually
not needed. Here's what a prepper needs to know about
salmonella, so that it doesn't sneak up on you...

How to prevent salmonella
Here's how to prevent salmonella from sneaking up on you:

#1: Don't hug a chicken.
Seriously, the CDC reports eight multi-state outbreaks of
salmonella from backyard chickens. Here's the USA today article
on
how not to get salmonela from your backyard chicken.

In short, if you have chickens it means you should not clean their
water or feed bowls from your kitchen. Do these tasks outdoors
for your brood and flock, so that you avoid cross-contamination in
your kitchen.

#2: Keep colloidal silver on hand.
Colloidal silver can help alleviate a nasty bout of food poisoning
so it's good to have on hand! If taken at the first signs of trouble,
colloidal silver will kill the bacteria.

Choose
Advanced Cellular Silver, pictured right, which has a broad
spectrum antimicrobial and is the only immune system support
formula proven to achieve a 99.9999% complete kill against 660
microorganisms; including  Salmonella bongori*, Candida
albicans* & MRSA* and more.

Colloidal silver provides immune system support and it's great to
have on hand for a variety of emergencies.

#3: Have some anti-diarrheal medication on hand.
Salmonella is problematic because hospitalization and antibiotics
may be necessary, and there are complications, such as delayed
recovery of normal intestinal function. Worse yet, the infection
may spread to other organs in the body.

In the hospital settings, physicans will prescribe antibiotics,
antidiarrheals or glucocorticoids are used to treat symptoms of a
salmonella infection.

#4: Understand the role pre-biotics and probiotics.
Keep your digestive tract healthy and your immune system strong
with help of both
prebiotics and probiotics. While most people
think only about probiotics to help the gut, they often forget
entirely about prebiotics. They work in tandem to ensure a
healthy intestinal tract.

It's really very simple:

In the absence of vitamins and supplements, you can nourish
your body with good food:
  • Chia seeds and chocolate are good examples of prebiotics.
  • Apple cider and buttermilk are good examples of probiotics.

Aside from eating the right foods, what more can you do to avoid
salmonella?

#5: Cook foods thoroughly.
Undercooked foods can bring you an unhappy case of salmonella
food poisoning.

Invest in a meat thermometer to help you cook thoroughly:
  • steaks, roast and fish at 145 degrees,
  • pork, ground beef and eggs should be at 160 degrees
  • chicken breasts 170 degrees, and a
  • whole chicken or turkey at 180 degrees.

#6: Keep your cold foods cold, hot foods hot.
Don't let foods sit out for more than two hours. If you're not
going to be eating them within two hours, refrigerate them until
next time.

#7: Minimize cross contamination in the kitchen.
Always wash hands after handling meat and before cooking. Keep
meat separate from other foods. Get a fresh plate, utensil or
cutting board. It's better to fill the dishwasher than to risk
salmonella.

  • Steramine tablets can help you disinfect cutting boards, work
    surfaces and utensils. Use steramine for food processing
    equipment, sinks, countertops, cabinets, refrigerators,
    stovetops, cutting boards, and all other non-porous articles
    and surfaces. It works great with a cloth or sponge and isn't
    harsh on hands. One tablet makes a gallon of sanitizing
    solution, and one bottle of Steramine is enough to make 150
    gallons!

  • Glisten Dishwasher Magic is effective against Salmonella
    Choleraesus. It's also an effective disinfectant against
    Eschericha Coli (E. Coli). The product intensively removes
    lime, rust, grease, and other build-up that affects your
    dishwasher's cleaning effectiveness over time. Unlike other
    machine cleaners, however, Glisten cleans, disinfects and
    removes germs from even the hidden areas. Best of all
    Glsten improves the cleaning performance of your
    dishwasher, and is safe for plumbing and septic systems.
    Pictured right, Gliste really is dishwasher magic.

#8: Wash hands often.  
Wash hands with warm water for twenty seconds. After washing
your hands, turn the faucet off with a towel (or use an elbow), so
you don't reinfect yourself. Wash utensils and countertops
frequently as well, but know that your sponge can become
contaminated with bacteria.

#9: Don't eat raw eggs.
Raw eggs are a major cause of salmonella food poisoning. Your
inner Rocky can climb the stairs after eating eggs scrambled and
not raw. Skip the cookie dough, authentic ceasar salad, and avoid
sunnyside up eggs.

Another important thing to note about egss: if eggs in the carton
look slimy, they might be affected by bacteria!

#10: Throw away cracked eggs.  
The entire carton or basket that has salmonella might run amuck
in the whole dozen of them. Yes, it spreads that easily, so it's
not worth the risk.

#11: Rinse grit from your fruits and vegetables.
Most people associate getting salmonella food poisoning from
meats, but it's also from the veggies.

Everybody has washed a carrot, lettuce or some other vegetable
with a gritty texture. That gritty texture carries with it the
potential for salmonella! Wash your fruits and veggies carefully.

#12: Don't drink unpasteurized milk.
Most milk is pasteurized but there are many off-grid people who
drink unpasteurized milk.

While many homesteaders are unafraid of drinking unpasteurized
milk, it carries risk of salmonella. Mother Earth News educates
homesteaders
how to pasteurize raw milk at home.

#13: Filter your water.
While water-borne salmonella is relatively rare, it happens even
in tap water. As a general matter of preparedness many preppers
have a
Big Berkey water filtration system. As well bottled water
sometimes gets salmonella because it comes from tap water.

While rare, it does happen that a salmonella outbreak is as a
result of the water:

#14: Don't wait for proper precautions of a recall
notification.  
Processed food is a major culprit of Salmonella food poisoning.
You can get salmonella from a pot pie or a salad kit; ground beef
or store bought alfalfa sprouts;

Take action and seek medical help, particularly if you think you've
eaten undercooked meat, raw eggs, or unpasteurized milk; or if
you've come into close contact with chickens or reptiles. Also,
beware that if you are at high risk, waiting could be a fatal
decision.

Here are some examples of salmonella in the news...

Incidents of Salmonella in the United States

  • Multi-state recall in April of more than 200 million eggs in
    Colorado, Florida, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania,
    Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
    There have been 11 people hospitalized for salmonella
    related infections, but no deaths reported.

  • Peanut Poisoning in Georgia. Stewart Parnell, a former
    peanut executive convicted for his role in a nationwide
    salmonella outbreak in 2008 and 2009 that killed nine
    people, is serving 28 years in prison for his role. It is the
    harshest sentence anyone has received for a food related
    crime.

  • Smoked Salmon Outbreak stemming from Greek
    procesing plant. An outbreak first spotted in smoked salmon
    from a company in the Netherlands contained the bacterial
    strain Salmonella Thompson in October 2012. Contamination
    stemmed from PVC chopping boards in a Greek processing
    plant. By way of international export, the product found its
    way to the United States, although no severe cases were
    reported in the U.S.

  • Bioterrorism and voter fraud salmonella incident in
    Oregon. Salmonella was a weapon of bioterrorism used by a
    Buddhist cult, the Rajneeshees, when its members exposed
    residents of Oregon to salmonella contamination through
    coffee creamers on table tops and salad bars of a pizzeria at
    a dozen restaurants in 1984. They hoped to gain political
    favor by making residents too sick to vote in elections, which
    would benefit their candidate. Here is more on the strange
    voter fraud story tied to salmonella contamination.

#15: Are you sick? Don't cook for others.
If you have symptoms, avoid cooking food for others, so you don't
spread the illness further.  Finally, know that many  water
filtration products do not protect users against foodborne or
disease-causing bacteria, viruses, or germs.

If viruses or smaller bacteria are suspected, you'll need to use
your water filter in conjunction with water purifier tablets.
Pictured right, are Potable Aqua water purification tablets, which
make questionable water bacteriaiologically suitable to drink.  
Preventing Salmonella. More than 1.2 million people get sick from
salmonella food poisoning in the United States annually.

#16: Get rid of ants and flies.
Pests spread illness and with salmonella, ants and flies are a
particular problem:


  • Protect food and food surfaces from flies. The flies will
    spread salmonella through their feet. Use fly covers to help
    keep your food protected. Flies spread cholera,  E.Coli and  
    typhoid.

#17: Know that food  poisoning isn't the only way to
get salmonella.
There are many ways Salmonella gives cause for concern:

  • Sloppy sanitation ~ Food can become contaminated through
    the hands of an infected food handler who did not wash
    hands properly with soap after using the bathroom.

  • Water contamination (tapwater and well water) ~ The
    most common causes of water-borne diarrhea are bacteria,
    such as E. coli, cholera and salmonella, which are reduced or
    eliminated by Potable Aqua water purification products.


  • Food borne contamination ~ Where will you find
    salmonella? Primarily from these sources:
  • Beef, pork, poultry and eggs
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Processed foods, such as peanut butter
  • Kitchen cross cutting boards and equipment not properly
    sanitized
  • Body surface of chickens and reptiles
  • Pets, infants and the elderly are also common carriers

  • Salmonella enteritidis ~ is fecal-oral, meaning the fecal
    contamination goes from hand to mouth. It's the most
    common form of salmonella in the food supply and the most
    common foods contaminated with salmonella enteritidis
    include:
  • alfalfa sprouts (store bought)
  • chicken and eggs
  • ground beef
  • pine nuts and pistachios

  • Salmontella Typhimurium ~ most often found in:
  • canteloupes
  • chicken
  • ground beef
  • peanut butter

  • Salmonella Newport ~ most often found in:
  • alfalfa sprouts (store bought)
  • canteloupe
  • Live poultry ~ If you have chickens, you should not
    clean their water or feed bowls in your own kitchen.
  • Turkey

  • Salmonella Javiana ~ most often found in:
  • chicken
  • lettuce
  • mozzarella cheese
  • tomatoes
  • exposure to amphibians

  • Salmonella Heidelberg ~ most often found in:
  • chicken and eggs

  • Typhoidal Salmonella ~ responsible for typhoid fever.

What preppers need to know about Salmonella:

  • Symptoms typically start from around three hours to
    three days after exposure (3-72 hours). The illness
    begins its course within a few hours after eating
    contaminated foods or coming into contact with animals who
    have the bacteria living on their body; though in some
    instances it will strike in up to three days, and illness can
    last up to seven days. The symptoms of salmonella don't
    appear until after the bacteria proliferates inside your body,
    so it's a while before they cause damage or symptoms, so
    you don't get sick immediately. Also some people are more
    vulnerable to infections than others.

  • Symptoms include:
  • abdominal cramps
  • diarrhea, which may contain blood, or may lead to
    dehydration
  • fever, accompanied by chills, headache and muscle pain
  • nausea and vomiting

  • Most vulnerable include:
  • young children, babies under the age of one
  • elderly
  • people with immune disorders or deficiences
  • people with digestive diseases or chronic illnesses

Foods that can help overcome salmonella
Salmonella bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics, which is
why you'll want to improve your gut health now to battle a future
possible case of salmonella!

  • Chicory root. Chicory root is toxic to strains of salmonella.
    Chicory root, most prized as a "coffee weed" as it was a
    replacement beverage that's caffeine free. As a prebiotic,
    chicory root cleanses the blood, purifies the liver and offers
    digestive support by increasing the flow of bile.

  • B.R.A.T. Diet. Bananas, rice and potatoes offer a bland and
    gentle diet to help with recovery.

More ways to keep your kitchen clean.
Products to help combat salmonella include the disinfectants
listed below (a disinfectant is a chemical liquid that destroys
bacteria, viruses and fungi).

  • Lysol Wipes. Lysol Wipes Kills 99.9% of Viruses & Bacteria
    including Salmonella, also, E.Coli, Hepes Simplex Virus.

  • Essential oil of peppermint. Looking for a natural
    disinfectant for use in the kitchen? Science supports the use
    of peppermint oil at combatting salmonella. Essential oil of
    peppermint* helps as a natural disinfectant and helps aid
    against Staph, E. coli, Salmonella; as well as Herpes and
    other viruses, Candida, Giardia, and many more undesirable
    bugs. Use peppermint oil spray to clean and wash kitchen
    worktops, counters and surfaces!

Food poisoning can come from salmonella, campylobacter,
E. coli
or other pathogens. The severity of the illness can range from
mild discomfort to death. It doesn't need to be a problem if you
are prepared. Have some tools in place and remember that
knowledge weighs nothing. Keep up your sanitation skills with
kids and make kitchen cleanliness a priority. Nobody has to suffer.

Happy endings...
The good and happy news is that the vast majority of people
recover without any specific treatment.

Thankfully also, keeping good food hygiene practices are at the
heart of most of the concerns of salmonella. Now that you know a
bit more about Salmonella, you may like to check out other
sanitation issues preppers may face in crisis.

Related articles...

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