different kinds of respirators

Respirators for Preppers
All about respirators

How to use a respirator - Learn the difference between a surgical
mask and a respirator (N95 Mask, N100 Mask, and the different
types of gas masks).

As a prepper you may have many questions, and among them,
about the differences between dust masks, surgical mask, N95
respirators, N100 respirators, or NATO gas masks NBC gas mask
and then how to correctly use them. Collectively known as
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) these devices are routinely
in a prepper's supplies to deal with exposure to toxic, infectious,
and radioactive materials.

While many preppers stock them, few know the correct use for a
respirator, and also how to use them correctly. Generally, here's
what you should know about Personal Protective Equipment:
  1. A surgical mask is NOT a respirator. The primary purpose
    of a surgical mask is protect others from germs (like the
    patient during surgery). They are disposable, and for one-
    time use only.
  2. A respirator should provide a tight seal to protect against
    airborne contaminants.
  3. A respirator

Different kinds of respirators
There are many different types of respirators...

Dust mask.
Techncially, a dust mask is not a respirator. A dust mask protect
the wearer from airborne particles that come about from
demotion remodeling, grinding, sanding, and woodworking. They
are disposable, and for one-time use only.

Surgical mask.
A surgical mask also is not a respirator. A surgical mask is
essentially the same as a dust mask, but it's marketed at
healthcare professionals or for first aid. A surgical mask provides
a layer of protection for bodily fluids, but it does not fully
protect against viruses and is porous and does not provide a
tight fit around the face.

NIOSH Certified Respirators.
Respirators that are NIOSH Certified can protect against
Anthrax, SARs and Hautavirus. They are disposable, and for one-
time use only.

N95 Respirator.
N95 or filters small airborne particulates and reduces risk of
virus and bacteria filtering into the lungs They are disposable,
and for one-time use only.

N100 Respirator.
N100 respirators filter small airborne particulates and reduce risk
of virus and bacteria filtering into the lungs. They are
disposable, and for one-time use only.

How to correctly use a disposable respirator





















Gas Masks
While an NBC gas mask offers maximum protection, what will
you do if your gas mask becomes infected? Nuclear Biological
and Chemical gas masks serve to protect you from toxic gases
and fumes, and they have the benefit in a pandemic situation of
sealing over the nose and mouth to create a superior barrier over
traditional surgical masks; however, NBC gas masks are also not
disposable! It presents a contamination problem, which is why
preppers should stock plenty of N-100 respirator masks and
know the proper way to remove them.

So now you know! Before you
buy the whole family an NBC gas
mask, buy a box or two of surgical masks (the kind you can get
at the
dollar stores), then head out to get the specific pandemic
variety of respirators, such as the N95 or N100. The likelihood of
a virus is more likely and critical for prepper defense.

There are two kinds respirators:

  • air-purifying respirators, which use filters, cartridges, or
    canisters to remove contaminants from the air you breathe
    (this includes all kinds of respirators and gas masks on this
    page):
  1. particulate - do not protect against gases
  2. gas and vapor respirators
  3. combination

  • atmosphere-supplying respirators, which provide you with
    clean air from an uncontaminated source:
  1. air supplied respirators
  2. combination respirators

CBRN Gas Mask
CBRN Gas Masks cover the Chemical, Biological and Radiological
/ Nuclear threats intended to cause harm during wartime.
Chemical agents disrupt bodily functions. Biological agents
release micro organism intended to cause disease. Radoological
agents as from a nuclear explosion will wreak havoc on a body
with high-energy radiation.

NATO Gas Mask
Approved by NATO, these gas masks are approved for civilian
use.

NBC Gas Mask
The need for gas masks to handle chemical, biological, or
radiological agents in terrorism or warfare scenarios is the final
layer of defense in personal protective equipment.

The first thing to recognize is that gas masks aren't disposable.
The main reason for a gas mask is for nuclear, biological or
chemical attacks:
  • Nuclear attacks / Radiological threat: radiation from a
    nuclear explosion or nuclear weapon causes radioactive
    decay that produces high-energy radiation particles
    hazardous to the body.
  • Biological attacks or contagion: bioterrorism, the main
    threat is anthrax, but could also be a vector, such as rats
    and fleas carrying the plague.
  • Chemical attacks: Gas, such as pepper spray, agent
    orange, etc.

Happy endings...
Prepare to live happily ever after knowing the difference between
a surgical mask, an N95 respirator, an N100 respirator and a gas
mask. Each has its place in the prepper household, but the
priorities for newbie preppers is to get a box of respirators
before the cool gas mask.

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