How to prevent dehydration in winter and summer

How much water does a family of four need?
------------------------------------------------- Revised 01/09/18
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How to prevent dehydration even in winter!

Avoid dehydration even in winter!
Everyone knows that the best way to prevent dehydration is to
drink more water and yet most people just don't drink enough
water. Also, there's more to it than just drinking water ~ you can
learn tricks to retaining hydration.

How to Prevent Pehydration
It's important to drink to stay healthy and to avoid constipation,
dizziness, lethargy, headaches and disease. Dehydration is just
as much of a problem on a typical winter's day as it is on a hot
summer's day:

  • Winter: While you may not associate cold-weather with
    dehydration, there's a link. You'll lose hydration in winter
    from exercising in the cold winter air. That's because sweat
    evaporates more quickly in cold air. So be sure to hydrate
    before you have fun on the slopes or shovel snow.

  • Summer: Sweat is a natural in summertime even if you don't
    exert yourself with physical activity in the sun. If you are
    thirsty you have started the dehydration process so be sure
    to drink plenty of fluids all day long.

Here's how to prevent dehydration...

#1: Recognize signs of dehydration...
There are many signs of dehydration. Thirst, headache, decreased
urine (or strong smelling urine), these are among the telltale
signs you're not drinking enough water.

The first signs of dehydration, include dizziness, nausea, muscle
cramps and tiredness. To remedy dehydration, mix a pink of salt
in almost a pint of water and drink. (Use a mason jar in the pint
size, and fill it up about 3/4 of the way.) Add a teaspoon of sugar
to help cure diarrhea.

When any of the following happen, your body is asking you to
drink more water:

  • Chapped lips. Chapped lips are one of easiest ways to spot

  • Dark colored urine. When urine is dark it's concentrated and
    in short supply circulating in your body. It's one of the
    important ways your body can tell you it's dehydrated. In
    babies you may find that the diaper isn't wet for three or
    more hours.

  • Dizziness. A person who is dizzy may be experiencing

  • Dry mouth. Sometimes medications cause dry mouth. A dry
    mouth is a symptom in children who are dehydrated.

  • Dry skin. Evaporation of the skin is something that you'll
    find more notecable in winter months than in the summer.

  • Fatigue. Without water you will quickly feel lethargic. If
    you're feeling tired you can quickly perk up with fluids. You
    may feel weakness in muscles or just not having enough
    energy. Lethargy is a serious indicator that you are
    dehydrated. In children, you may find irritability and fatigue
    when they are dehydrated.

  • No tears. Children and babies who cry and have no tears
    may be severely dehydrated.

  • Sunken eyes. In babies who are dehydrated you may find a
    sunken fontanel. The fontanel is the soft spot of the baby's
    head. Children who are dehydrated may have sunken cheeks
    or eyes.

  • Thirst. Don't wait until you're thirsty to drink. By the time
    you're thirsty, you are dehydrated. Thirst is the body's
    warning signal.

  • Nausea. If you're feeling nausea, then your body may be
    ready to expel water from your system. You'll need to
    manage the nausea and rehydrate.

#2: Know the causes of Dehydration:

  • Altitude. In high altitudes people may get altitude sickness,
    which is dehydration in action.

  • Burns. Severe skin burns can cause dehydration.

  • Diarrhea. Loose watery stools from illness or

  • Excessive sweating.

  • Pregnancy. During pregnancy a woman is drinking for two
    and can avoid some birth defects by hydrating properly.
    Water helps form the placenta. The most critical time for
    hydrating is in the final days before giving birth to ensure a
    safe delivery and adequate breast milk for the baby. Women
    will find they will vomit less and feel better during natural
    childbirth if they are properly hydrated as well. Hydrating
    during pregnancy is critical to avoid:
  • inadequate breast milk production,
  • low amniotic fluid,
  • neural tube defects or
  • premature labor.

  • Vomiting. When the body is not able to hold fluids and it
    comes up as vomit, the body is severely dehydrated.

#3: Be aware of how you lose hydration...
To paraphrase Sting, you lose hydration with "Every breath you
take," and "Every move you make."

  • Breathing: Every time you exhale, moisture leaves your body.

  • Humidity: When the weather is humid, it draws moisture
    from your skin. Humidity is the gaseous state of water ~ it's
    invisible to the human eye. The more humidity the more
    likelihood dew, fog or precipitation will follow.

  • Sweating: About 75% of your body is made up of water.
    Through natural bodily functions we excrete fluids. Sweating
    is an evaporation of moisture from the skin. It's the body's
    way of cooling itself. High humidity reduces your body's
    sweating effectiveness.

  • Urinating, defecating and vomiting. Through the bodily
    functions you'll lose water naturally and it may seem like
    there's nothing you can do, but you can! Make sure you have
    the proper output of urination and that you aren't defecating
    with loose watery stools by drinking lots of fluids. As well
    you can limit vomiting when properly hydrated.

  • Detoxification: A natural process of detoxifying, your body
    will sweat out toxins.

#4: Take small doses of water throughout your day.
Make it your morning habit to drink a glass of water before you
have breakfast. It's the most important thing you can do to stay
healthy and hydrated.

Take proactive approach!Throughout your day take steady sips of
water. Use of a hydration backpack can help you on a long
journey by foot or bicycle to keep a steady flow.

Hydration packs and bladders:

#5: Stay hydrated with Electrolytes.
A scientist might describe an electrolyte as a electrically
conducting solution ~ or a "compound which produces ions when
dissolved in a solution such as water,"but in layman's terms it is
hydration or the minerals dissolved in body fluids. Sure, they are
electrically charged ions, but it's about supply the body with what
it needs. The proper mix of salt (sodium) and sugar are the
foundation of an electrolyte, but it may also include calcium,
magnesium, and phosphate, and potassium.

  • Oral rehydration powders.

#6: Keep skin hydrated.

  • Lip balms and lotions. You can lock in moisture in the winter
    and summer months in part with lip balms and add back
    hydration with lotions.

Best ways to stay hydrated:
Below are some of the best water filtration devices a prepper can

  • NOTE: With hydration packs and bladders you will need a
    cleaning kit.

Hydration powders and tablets:
There are many kinds of hydration powders available to mix with
water and to help restore the electrolytes in the body.

  • Oral IV is contains trace minerals and structured water.
    There's no sugar, no chemicals, no additives, no stimulants
    and zero calories. It includes only the smallest and right
    amounts of chromium, magnesium, manganese, potassium,
    selenium, silicon, sodium, zinc, and a blend of other natural
    trace minerals.

  • RecoverORS, it's like the Pedialyte for adults. RecoverORS
    helps calm distress symptoms caused by dehydration such as
    headaches and cramps, where sugary sports drink, water,
    and incorrect formulas never help! RecoverOrs is hydration
    for hangover, diarrhea, vomiting or diarrhea. It's great to
    have in the prepper's medicine cabinet or in the bugout bag.
    RecoverORS  Recovery Electrolytes  helps ease    absorption   
    of electrolytes and hydration through your body's sodium-
    glucose pump so your body can flush out toxins and  deliver  
    necessary  nutrients to your problematic  areas...sugary  
    sports drink, water, and incorrect formulas prolong the

Water filters:
Water is life! If you are a prepper, you always bring water with
you and you always have a filter handy, whether it's a small
filtration device stuffed in the glove compartment or your bugout
bag ~ or you have a water tank in the garage, bottle water
stashed in the basement, or gravity fed water filtration in your

  • AquaMira Frontier.

  • Big Berkey! The Big Berkey is ideal for your everyday
    drinking water to ensure you always have safe drinking
    water. Capably handles both treated water and untreated
    raw water from such sources as remote lakes, streams,
    stagnant ponds and even water supplies in foreign countries,
    where regulations may be substandard. The Berkey water
    system purifies your water without the use of obnoxious
    chemicals like iodine or chlorine that was the standard
    procedure. In fact, it helps filter out those chemicals from
    your tap water. And You can use your Big Berkey to filter raw
    well water.

  • Lifewater.

  • Katadyn.

  • Seychelle.

Berkey and Seychelle Makes a great Pair!
Right is the Seychelle Radiological filter, which removes the four
basic zones of contamination: Aesthetic (Chlorine, taste and
odor), Chemicals (from Industry and Agriculture), Dissolved Solids
(heavy metals such as lead, mercury, Chromium 6) and up to
99.99% of Radiological Contaminants such as Gross Beta, Radon
222, Alpha Radium 226, Plutonium, Uranium, Cesium 134 and
137. Removes up to 90% of fluoride.

Happy endings...
Stay happy, healthy and hydrated! Be sure to stash enough water
for the long term. A family of four needs 270 gallons of water for
a three month supply according to Utah State University..

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